Portugal has more than 200 cases of monkeypox, with 18 more infections confirmed in the past 24 hours, the General Directorate of Health of Portugal announced today.
To date, Portugal’s National Institute of Health, Doutor Ricardo Jorge (INSA), has confirmed 209 human cases of monkeypox virus infection, the DGS told DGS in a statement posted on its website.
All confirmed infections occurred in men between the ages of 19 and 61, the majority of whom were under 40, the health authority said, adding that the patients were still undergoing clinical follow-up and were in stable condition.
Most of the infections are in Lisbon and the Tejo Valley, but there are also cases in the northern and Algarve regions.
The DGS said it is analyzing information gathered through epidemiological surveys to help assess the outbreak at the national and international levels.
DGS continues to monitor the situation at the national level with European institutions.
More than 1,000 cases of monkeypox have been confirmed in 29 non-endemic countries, the director-general of the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Wednesday, warning that there was already community transmission in some areas.
In documents about the disease posted on the website, the DGS advises anyone with symptoms and signs consistent with the disease, especially if they have been in close contact with someone who may have been infected, to contact an infection screening center. Use emergency services for advice and assessment, or call SNS Hotline 24 (808 24 24 24).
DGS explained that infection can be spread from one person to another through close physical contact, including sexual contact. “It is not known whether monkeypox virus can be transmitted through semen or vaginal fluids, but direct, skin-to-skin contact during sex can transmit it,” the document emphasizes.
Infection can also be spread by touching items such as personal clothing, bedding, towels, cutlery, plates, or other contaminated personal utensils.
“Thus, people who have been in close contact with an infected person, including health care professionals, cohabitants and sexual partners, are at greater risk of transmitting the disease to them,” the document reads, adding that “it is not yet known whether anyone has People who are infected with the virus, but who have not yet shown any signs or symptoms of infection (hence the incubation period), can spread the virus.”
The most common symptoms are fever, severe headache, muscle pain, back pain, tiredness, swollen lymph nodes, and the progressive appearance of a rash affecting the skin and mucous membranes.
Lesions typically begin 1 to 3 days after a fever, may be flat or slightly raised, with clear or yellowish fluid, and eventually ulcerate and form a crust, which then dries and falls off, DGS said.