Focus on prevention of monkeypox outbreaks that have spread in at least 20 countries, including a suspected outbreak in Brazil.
Luis Fernando said the situation required monitoring and that experts could not repeat the initial mistake of the Covid-19 pandemic, which delayed the identification of cases and led to the spread of the virus.
“While smallpox is not as contagious or dangerous as the coronavirus, scientists say clearer guidance is needed on how people infected with smallpox should self-isolate and clearer advice on how to protect those at risk, and better testing and contact tracing,” he noted.
According to Risk Alert, monkeypox is a rare zoonotic viral disease caused by the monkeypox virus. It was first discovered in 1958 in a colony of monkeys raised for research. The first human monkeypox case was recorded in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1970. Since then, monkeypox has been reported in populations in several other Central and West African countries. As of 27 May 2022, 22 non-African countries have reported 310 cases, of which 305 are confirmed cases, mainly in Europe. Five cases remain under suspicion. The natural host of monkeypox remains unknown. However, African rodents and non-human primates such as monkeys can carry the virus and infect humans.
signs and symptoms
Fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes (tongue), chills (chills), exhaustion (tiredness).
Within 1 to 3 days (and sometimes longer) after a fever, people develop a rash (skin lesions) that usually starts on the face and spreads to other parts of the body. In the final stage, there are crusts in the lesions. In suspected cases, isolate the individual immediately.
The incubation period is usually 6 to 16 days, but can be as long as 21 days. When the scab disappears, the person stops infecting others. Isolation of individuals should only be terminated after the lesions have completely disappeared.
This happens when a person is exposed to the virus. May be through contact with sick animals, contaminated material or humans. Human-to-human transmission can occur through respiratory secretions (droplets), skin lesions (even if not visible), recently contaminated objects, and body fluids and mucous membrane secretions (eyes, nose, or mouth).
People who develop symptoms should seek medical attention and report any exposure to sick animals or humans or contaminated material or travel abroad in the last month prior to the onset of symptoms.