Of the nine suspected cases of monkeypox (monkeypox) in Brazil, one has been ruled out, in Ceara. The other suspects, five men and three women. According to the Ministry of Health’s monkeypox disease department, there are currently two cases under monitoring in the hospital.
The Situation Room aims to disseminate guidance on responding to cases of the disease in Brazil, as well as direct surveillance actions on the country’s case definitions, notification procedures, laboratory procedures and epidemiological investigations.
Conference Room Command member Patrícia Carvalho today (8th) in a Internet Conference Prompted by the Ministry of Health, of the 8 suspected cases, 2 are in the state of Santa Catarina, the city of Blumenau and the city of Dionisio Cerqueira. Rondônia is monitoring the other two. “They are a couple from Rio Crespo (RO),” he said.
There are also suspected cases in São Paulo (capital); one in Pacatuba (CE); one in Porto Alegre; one in Colomba. According to Patricia, Columba’s suspected case “is a Bolivian man who is hospitalized in Brazil and is being followed up.”
“Three of the suspected cases had travelled outside Brazil,” she added, referring to people from Portugal, Argentina and Bolivia.
Janaína Sallas, a representative of the Ministry of Health Surveillance, detailed that of the eight suspected cases, five were under the age of 28. The five men were between the ages of 15 and 51; and the women were between the ages of 25 and 27.
So far, at least 31 countries have seen an increase in confirmed cases, according to Brazilian authorities. The number is 1,077 cases, most of them in countries where the disease is endemic, on the African continent.
“This disease is an unusual and unexpected event in a non-endemic area. It is a pathogen with a high probability of being transmitted through droplet contact, mainly through bodily fluids, so assistance needs to be ensured – including treatment, laboratory capacity, protective equipment and decontamination,” says Janaína Sallas.
Patricia Carvalho also stressed the importance of notifying as soon as possible suspected cases with signs and symptoms such as fever, rash and swollen glands (a type of tongue). Since it can be spread through bodily fluids, droplets or contaminated materials, she recommends the use of masks and hand washing as precautions.
Wildo Navegantes, representative of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), spoke about the international epidemiological situation, particularly the cases recorded by Europeans in monkeys infected with smallpox who had not traveled to endemic countries.
“Obviously, the outbreak started in mid-April. There were some cases of transmission related to sexual activity. To a large extent, it involved casual sex and relationships with multiple partners,” he said.
According to experts, the smallpox vaccine has shown good results against this version, which is usually found more in monkeys and rodents. “Unfortunately, a study in the UK showed that only 14% of people in the community would be vaccinated if they were available,” he said.
“But the most incredible thing is that only 69% of contacts who belonged to a group of health workers said that if they had a vaccine they would receive it. We think that something like this involving health professionals data, which should be 100% complied with,” lamented the representative of the Pan American Health Organization.
Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958, when two outbreaks of a smallpox-like disease occurred in groups of monkeys raised for research. The first human case of this variant was recorded in Congo in 1970. It has since been reported in humans in other Central and West African countries.
Monkeypox re-emerged in Nigeria in 2017, after more than 40 years with no reported cases. Since then, the African country has reported more than 450 cases. Between 2018 and 2021, seven cases of monkeypox were reported in the UK, most of them in people with a history of travel to endemic countries.