68% of São Paulo residents say they are very concerned about climate change

68% of São Paulo residents say they are very concerned about climate change

68% of São Paulo residents say they are very concerned about climate change

68% of São Paulo residents say they are very concerned about climate change

Survey Viver em SP: Meio Ambiente Reveals São Paulo Residents’ Perceptions of the City’s Biggest Environmental Issues and the Impact of Climate Change

In its 4th edition, Investigating Living in SP: The Environment Showcasing the views of the people of São Paulo on different aspects related to the topic, such as the biggest environmental problems plaguing the city, how concerned they are about climate change and the most effective measures to deal with them.

The survey, conducted by Rede Nossa São Paulo in collaboration with IPEC Inteligência, also explores the role of human behavior in worsening local environmental problems.

Data shows that people from São Paulo understand that human behaviour is the main cause of environmental problems and that they are already experiencing a negative impact on their quality of life, this was confirmed by ¾ of the respondents. It is also worth mentioning that coordination between municipal, state and federal policies is necessary to address the environmental challenges of the city of São Paulo (86%). The index reached 93% in the central area of ​​the city.

Check out more highlights:

Environmental Issues in the City of São Paulo

Continuing the data for 2021, air pollution, river pollution and flooding remain the most serious environmental concerns. Of the nine items assessed, they were mentioned by 57%, 57%, and 42%, respectively.

Analysing the data by region, compared to the total sample, it was noted that air pollution was more highly perceived in the northern regions, river pollution was cited more in the western and central regions, and flooding was highlighted as the region had a larger proportion of residents Large proportion of the eastern region.

Sixty-nine percent of people who believe São Paulo’s environmental problems are caused by human activity, and 80 percent in the northern region of the general sample, said they believe the problems are caused by both human activity and natural variability.

Despite the decline compared to 2021, 52% of São Paulo residents continue to say that an increase in cardiorespiratory disease is the main personal consequence of the city’s environmental problems. 44% of respondents also mentioned an increase in the incidence of diseases such as dengue, Zika and chikungunya.

climate change impact

person responsible for solving environmental problems

For São Paulo’s population, three departments of government are responsible for finding solutions to urban environmental problems – the municipality is appointed by 88%; the state government is 87% of the state and the federal government is 85% of the survey participants. More than half of these businesses and industries (69%) and high-income earners (53%) have a high responsibility for finding solutions to environmental problems.

When considering environmental solutions, 41% of respondents pointed to cleaning up rivers and streams as the most effective measure, while 36% said the government has imposed stricter inspections and fines on sewage discharges from São Paulo’s rivers and streams.. .

Concerned about the consequences of environmental issues, 83% believe the impact will lead to a lack of basic food, water, energy, etc., while 81% believe the poorest, surrounding residents and those living on the streets are at greater risk.

global warming and climate change

Climate change is a hot topic around the world and on the agenda of São Paulo residents. ¾ of São Paulo residents believe climate change has greatly affected their quality of life (the index reached 79% in the center), and 68% said they were very concerned about the issue, an increase of 6 percentage points from the previous survey.

About four in 10 residents of the capital of São Paulo believe that the environmental crisis will lead to real problems, such as sudden temperature changes, forest extinction, flooding/flooding and low air humidity. Seventy-six percent of respondents also said that Brazil’s actions on climate change and global warming are losing international credibility.

Actions related to protecting forests and green spaces were cited by 4 out of 10 respondents as the most effective action to combat climate change, followed by tree planting (39%). In similar proportions, lack of financial resources and incentives to install renewable energy systems will be the main barriers for populations to reduce the impact of global warming (42% and 41%).

Analysing the data by urban area, the main obstacle identified by the centre was the lack of a good public transport system, while the western area highlighted the lack of selective collection, while in the northern area, most respondents said industrial production of less polluting packaging was encouraged.


The survey was conducted from December 4 to 28, 2021. 800 online and home interviews were conducted through structured questionnaires to persons over the age of 16 living in the city of São Paulo. The margin of error is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Viver em São Paulo: Historical series studied by Meio Ambiente can be found association

In the Ecological Debate, ISSN 2446-9394, 06/07/2022

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